4. Campo das Cebolas
Mapping Coordinates: 38.7147° N, 9.1388° W
Location: Lisbon, Portugal
Historically known as Ribeira Velha, the area next to Lisbon’s water front called Campo das Cebolas was actually filled with land in the sixteenth century. In this period, it was site to a small shipyard. By the seventeenth century, Campo das Cebolas became a part of the city port’s structures, hosting a market where many enslaved women of African origin sold food. This area has been chosen as the location of the Memorial to enslaved people for its proximity to many of the main sites of the contested legacy of slavery in present-day Lisbon, such as the Terreiro do Paço, the Casa dos Escravos, the Rua Nova dos Mercadores with the auction market of the Largo do Pelourinho Velho, and the Chafariz d’El-Rei. The memorial has been promoted by the Afrodescendant association Djass and approved by Lisbon municipal government. The project submitted by the Angolan artist Kiluanji Kia Henda was selected through several voting sessions in 2019-20, which saw the participation of the residents in the metropolitan area of Lisbon.